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Meningitis

 
Meningitis is the inflammation of membrane that protects the human brain and the spinal cord. This disease should be treated immediately as it can be fatal because the inflammation closeness to brain cells and spinal cord.
 

Disease caused by Meningitis:

There are many factors that can cause meningitis. It can be caused by bacteria, virus or any micro-organism. Many bacteria can have affects on meningitis with infants being the high risk group. This bacterium causes fierce head trauma or severe ear and nose infection. Viral and bacterial meningitis develops typically along with the common diseases. Skin infection, urinary, respiratory system, and gastrointestinal track can also spread through blood towards the protective layer by cerebrospinal fluid. The same fluid also passes through the spinal cord thus aiding the quick spreading of disease.

 

Sign and Symptoms:

Sign and symptoms of Meningitis may vary from person to person but usually there are some common symptoms that are telltale signs of the disease. The symptoms usually appear after the age of 2 and most of them take few hours, a day or sometimes few days to show their signs. Headache, stiffness of neck, along with high fever, nausea, vomiting, photophobia, fatigue and confusion are most common experienced symptoms that suggest this disease.

This disease is quite difficult to detect; especially among newborns or infants as it may be common for the child to appear lazy, with the loss of appetite and vomiting. For specific cases of meningitis, rashes may appear as a sign.
 

Treatment:

To determine whether a person has meningitis or not, blood tests or latex agglutination test are performed. Usually the doctor prescribes the lumber puncture to help the diagnosis process. Lumber puncture is performed usually by taking a sample of spinal fluid. This test will help the doctor to reach a verdict that whether it is bacteria or viral infection.

The meningitis caused by bacteria or virus is treated differently. When the meningitis caused by bacteria is diagnosed, doctors immediately begin intravenous antibiotics (IV). After determining the reason of meningitis, doctors may prescribe liquids so that the human body liquid that is lost due to high body temperature, vomiting and sweating can be replenished to reduce the inflammation.

In case of viral meningitis, the person has to be hospitalized immediately. Some viral infections are not treated with any specific treatment, while some infections such as Herpes simplex virus and Varicella zoster virus can be treated by antiviral drugs. However doctors usually order for complete bed rest; prescribe some fluids or other medications to relieve the symptoms. Viral meningitis of a milder intensity can be treated at home with some analgesics and fluid prescribed by the doctors.
 

Does Meningitis spread?

When an infected person talks, coughs or sneezes, the infected fluid may be released in air in the form of vapor drops via nose or throat. Thus, people in close proximity may come into contact with these drops which would enter the body through the nose or mouth or nose. Sharing tissues, towels, and even food would only transmit the disease quickly. It is easily spread at school, work or even at the day care centers.
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