|The public system caters for residents who are not covered under private insurance schemes or the Obras Sociales, and it encompasses emergency services as well. Findings from the same IRBC report pointed out that the national public system exposes serious structural shortcomings and inefficient management; decentralized administration at the provincial level: lack of flexibility in the staffing department and poor labor communication; ineffective incentive scheme; serious lack of information system to assist control and decision-making; insufficient budget for equipment and facilities maintenance; and a host of problems not typically associated with organizations its size.
Under the public system, the provisions of healthcare (sometimes even primary care) are delegated down from provincial level to local townships. The number of Argentines on the system has increased since 2001. Report in 2000 suggested that there are some 37.4% population had no insurance coverage, close to half were covered by Obras Sociales, 8.6% under private coverage, and 3.8% were covered by private scheme as well as Obras Sociales.